925: Identification of Mutations Causing Hereditary Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration in American Staffordshire Terriers and Old English Sheepdogs
Grant Status: Closed
Project SummaryIn previous reports we described how our work using linkage analysis and association studies had confirmed that cerebellar degeneration in Old English Sheepdogs was linked to one particular region of one chromosome. However, we had been unable to find the mutation in that region because of the large size of the region and the high number of genes located there. Since our last report we have sequenced the entire region in six dogs and have filtered our sequence data to include only mutations that affect coding regions (regions that directly code for the protein the gene produces), that produce a change in amino acid and protein function, and that segregate with the affected phenotype. This allowed us to identify only 6 mutations that fulfilled the above criteria. We sequenced these mutations on a wider population of dogs and found that only 1 of the mutations segregated with phenotype. We have now sequenced over 600 normal dogs and over 140 dogs of other breeds and can confirm that this mutation is highly associated with the disease. We are currently performing additional work to confirm our findings and hope to have a final publication ready by the end of the summer. We anticipate that we can develop a genetic test for this mutation that will allow breeders to select dogs to breed from, and veterinarians to diagnose the disease. We are grateful for the patience and support of the Old English Sheepdog Society of America and are hopeful that our final experiments will confirm our findings.
Help Future Generations of Dogs
Participate in canine health research by providing samples or by enrolling in a clinical trial. Samples are needed from healthy dogs and dogs affected by specific diseases.