1654: Mediodistal to Lateroproximal Radiographic View for Early Diagnosis of Fragmentation of the Medial Coronoid Process in Dogs

Grant Status: Closed

Grant Amount: $13,310
Denis Marcellin-Little, DEDV; North Carolina State University
December 7, 1998 - December 6, 1999

Sponsor(s): Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America, Chinese Shar-Pei Charitable Trust, Medallion Rottweiler Club, Newfoundland Club of America Charitable Trust

Breed(s): -All Dogs
Research Program Area: Musculoskeletal Conditions and Disease
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Project Summary

The study concluded that the DIMPLO X-ray was more sensitive to abnormalities of the elbow joint than conventional views and that it may be of benefit for early screening of dogs potentially affected with elbow dysplasia. DIMPLO is a novel type of X-ray designed by the researchers, used to diagnose abnormalities or fractures within the elbow joint. Researchers studied the elbows of 20 cadaver limbs using DIMPLO and conventional radiographic views. They also studied 100 elbows of dogs with forelimb lameness and pain, X-raying the joints using conventional views as well as DIMPLO. They then confirmed their findings with arthroscopy. DIMPLO was more sensitive to abnormalities in the elbow. Elbow dysplasia is one of the most common orthopedic problems affecting large and giant breed dogs. However, early diagnosis of the condition, critical if it is to be treated before the development of arthritis, is rarely possible with conventional X-rays.

Publication(s)

Chanoit, G., Singhani, N. N., Marcellin-Little, D. J., & Osborne, J. A. (2010). Comparison of five radiographic views for assessment of the medial aspect of the humeral condyle in dogs with osteochondritis dissecans. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 71(7), 780–783. https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.71.7.780
 
Haudiquet, P. R., Marcellin-Little, D. J., & Stebbins, M. E. (2002). Use of the distomedial-proximolateral oblique radiographic view of the elbow joint for examination of the medial coronoid process in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 63(7), 1000–1005. https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.2002.63.1000

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