1252: A Prospective Study of Morphometric, Genetic & Dietary Risk Factors for Bloat in Dogs

Grant Status: Closed

Grant Amount: $75,954
Larry Glickman, VMD, PhD; Purdue University
August 1, 1995 - December 7, 1999
Sponsor(s): American Bloodhound Club, American Bullmastiff Association, American Rottweiler Club, Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America, Collie Health Foundation, Irish Setter Club of America, Inc., Irish Wolfhound Club of America, Inc., NewPenDel Newfoundland Club, Weimaraner Club of America
Breed(s): Newfoundland, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Rottweiler, Collie, Bloodhound, Bullmastiff, Weimaraner, Irish Wolfhound, Irish Setter
Research Program Area: Prevention

Project Summary

In the largest prospective health study ever done involving companion animals, this project identified 1900 healthy dogs of 11 giant and large breeds and collected information from owners. The dogs were followed for five years to measure the incidence of bloat, evaluate the effectiveness of commonly used bloat-prevention practices and determine the relationship between diet and bloat. The researchers found that the risk of bloat increased with increasing age, having a first-degree relative with bloat and increasing chest/width ratio. The breed at the highest risk was the Great Dane. None of the practices usually advised by experts to prevent bloat, such as raising the food bowl and limiting the amount of exercise and water before or after eating, appeared effective. In fact one of these, raising the food bowl, was associated with a higher incidence of bloat.

Publication(s)

Raghavan, M., Glickman, N. W., & Glickman, L. T. (2006). The effect of ingredients in dry dog foods on the risk of gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 42(1), 28-36. doi:10.5326/0420028

Raghavan, M., Glickman, N., McCabe, G., Lantz, G., & Glickman, L. T. (2004). Diet-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs of high-risk breeds. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 40(3), 192-203. doi:10.5326/0400192

Ward, M. P., Patronek, G. J., & Glickman, L. T. (2003). Benefits of prophylactic gastropexy for dogs at risk of gastric dilatation�volvulus. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 60(4), 319-329. doi:10.1016/s0167-5877(03)00142-9

Glickman, L. T., Glickman, N. W., Schellenberg, D. B., Raghavan, M., & Lee, T. (2000). Non-dietary risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in large and giant breed dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 217(10), 1492-1499.

Glickman, L. T., Glickman, N. W., Schellenberg, D. B., Raghavan, M., & Lee, T. L. (2000). Incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 216(1), 40-45.

Glickman, L. T., Lantz, G. C., Schellenberg, D. B., & Glickman, N. W. (1998). A prospective study of survival and recurrence following the acute gastric dilatation-volvulus syndrome in 136 dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 34(3), 253-259. doi:10.5326/15473317-34-3-253

Schaible, R. H., Ziech, J., Glickman, N. W., Schellenberg, D., Yi, Q., & Glickman, L. T. (1997). Predisposition to gastric dilatation-volvulus in relation to genetics of thoracic conformation in Irish setters. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 33(5), 379-383. doi:10.5326/15473317-33-5-379

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